Theory of mind is the term used to describe
the understanding of beliefs, desires, motivations, and
emotions as mental states that are ascribed to
one’s self and others.
Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability to
represent the mental states of others and/or to make
inferences about another’s intentions.
ToM is a specific cognitive ability to
understand others as intentional agents.
ToM means being able to infer the full range
of mental states (beliefs, desires, intentions, imagination,
emotions, etc.) that cause action
Theory of Mind is the branch of cognitive
science that investigates how we ascribe mental states to
other persons and how we use the states to explain and predict
the actions of those other persons. (Marraffa, 2001)