Life Perspective Rhythm Model

Nursing theories

open access articles on nursing theories and models

Life Perspective Rhythm Model

Joyce Fitzpatrick


  • Life Perspective Rhythm Model is a nursing model developedSeptember 18, 2013lized her model from Martha Rogers' Theory of Unitary Human beings.
About the Theorist
  • Born in 1944
  • BSN - Georgetown University
  • MS in psychiatric-mental health nursing - Ohio State University
  • PhD in nursing - New York University and an MBA from Case Western Reserve University.
  • Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing - 1981
  • Presently, Elizabeth Brooks Ford Professor of Nursing, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

Major Assumptions

  • "The process of human development is characterized by rhythms that occur within the context of continuous person-environment interaction."
  • Nursing activity focuses on enhancing the developmental process toward health.
  • A central concern of nursing science and the nursing profession is the meaning attributed to life as the basic understanding of human existence. 
  • The identification and labeling of concepts allows for recognition and communication with others, and the rules for combining those concepts permits thoughts to be shared through language. 

Core Concepts

Rhythm Model includes four content concepts and they are:

  • person
  • health
  • wellness-illness and
  • metaparadigm.
  • Person includes both self and others.
  • Person is seen as an open system , a unified whole characterized by a basic human rhythm.
  • The model recognizes individuals as having unique biological, psychological, emotional, social, cultural, and spiritual attitudes.
  • Health is a dynamic state of being that results from the interaction of person and the environment.
  • 'a human dimension under continuous development, a heightened awareness of the meaningfullness of life.
  • Optimum health is the actualization of both innate and obtained human potential gathered from rewarding relationships with others, goal directed behavior, and expert personal care.
  • Professional nursing is rooted in the promotion of wellness practices.
  • "A developing discipline whose central concern is the meaning attached to life (health)
  • Primary purpose of nursing is the promotion and maintenance of an optimal level of wellness.
  • It refers to the transitions through basic metaparadigm concepts of person, environment, health and nursing.


  • Life Perspective Rhythm Model is a complex nursing model which contribute to nursing knowledge by providing taxonomy for identifying and labeling nursing concepts to allow for their universal recognition and communication with others.


Joyce J. Fitzpatrick faculty page
This page was last updated on: 05/12/2020