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theories and models
Glaser & Strauss, 1967
Grounded theory was developed by Barney Glaser and Anslem
Strauss, in the 1960s.
September 9, 2013teractionism and the works of Charles Cooley
(1864-1929) and George Herbert Mead (1863-1931).
Grounded theory is explained as a package of research
methods, which includes data collection, coding and
analysing through memoing, theoretical sampling and
sorting to writing, using the constant comparative method.
GT has origins in sociology, emphasises the importance of
understanding of human behaviour through a process of
discovery and induction. (Elliott & Lazenbatt, 2005)
Grounded theory is an inductive type of research, based
in the observations or data from which it was developed.
It uses a variety of data sources, including
quantitative data, review of records, interviews,
observation and surveys.
Concepts are basic units of analysis.
Concepts grouped and related to form abstract categories
Relationships between categories identified to develop
Theory building- concepts, categories, themes are
identified and developed
during the study.
Elements of Grounded Theory
Attempt to apply systematic and explicit data analysis
technique to textual information.
Unifying data collection with analysis.
Data first, theory last.
A grounded theory approach provides nursing with a viable
means of generating theory grounded in the realities of
everyday clinical practice (Elliott & Lazenbatt,
Grounded theory is increasingly being used in research
practice, particularly in nursing research. (Elliott &
Elliott M, Lazenbatt A. How to recognize a 'quality'
grounded theory research study. Australian Journal of
Advanced Nursing, 2005 Volume 22 Number 3.
Glaser, B.G. and Strauss, A.L. 1967. The discovery of
grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. New
York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Glaser, B.G. 1998. Doing grounded theory: Issues and
discussions. Mill Valley CA: Sociology Press.
Strauss, Corbin. Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded
Theory Procedures and Techniques. Sage, Newbury Park, 1990.