Nursing quiz

bronchial Asthma quiz

Bronchial Asthma quiz - 2

1. The mechanism of action of beta-2 receptor agonists in broncheal asthma include all the following, EXCEPT:

A. Relaxation of airway smooth muscle

B. Inhibition of plasma exudation and airway edema

C. Increased mucociliary clearance

D. Increasing the release of mast cell mediator

Answer Key

2. Which of the following medication may be suspected as a possible cause of bronchial asthma?

A. Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

B. Milk of magnesia

C. Famotidine

D. Diphenhydramine

Answer Key

3. The most common side effects of beta- 2 agonists are;

A. dry mouth, urinary retention, and glaucoma

B. muscle tremor and palpitations

C. nausea and vomiting, and headaches

D. hoarseness (dysphonia) and oral candidiasis

Answer Key

4. Cromolyn sodium and nedocromil sodium are asthma controller drugs that appear to:

A. act by anti-inflammatory properties

B. inhibit phosphodiesterases in airway smooth-muscle cells.

C. inhibit mast cell and sensory nerve activation

D. prevent cholinergic nerve–induced bronchoconstriction and mucus secretion.

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5. Acute management of bronceal asthma include all the following, EXCEPT:

A. A high concentration of oxygen to achieve oxygen saturation of >90%.

B. Short-acting inhaled beta-2-agonists

C. A slow infusion of aminophylline with monitoring blood values.

D. A rapid infusion of dopamine.

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6. The term _____________ implies a familial tendency to manifest such conditions as asthma, rhinitis, urticaria, and eczematous dermatitis.

A. tropical allergy

B. atopic allergy

C. sensitization

D. exocytosis

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7. ______________ is a globulin (protein) produced by B cells as a defense mechanism against foreign materials.

A. Antigen

B. Antibody

C. Mast cell

D. Basophil

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8. Factors causing bronchial hyperresponsiveness in bronchial asthma are:

A. Allergens, e.g. pollen, house-dust, mite

B. Drugs : NSAIDs, aspirin

C. Viral infections of the respiratory tract

D. All of the above

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9. Which is a wrong statement by a patient about using an inhaler, who is on treatment for asthma?

A. “I should inhale before using the inhaler.”

B. “I should place my lips firmly around the mouthpiece.”

C. “I should hold my breath 8-10 seconds after using the inhaler.”

D. “I should wait 1-2 minutes between puffs.”

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10. Salbutamol is a _____________

A. corticosteroid.

B. alpha-adrenergic receptor agonists.

C. beta-adrenergic receptor agonist.

D. anticholinergic.

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11. The recommended oral doses of salbutamol is

A. 10 to 20 mg, 6-8 hourly

B. 2 to 4 mg, 6-8 hourly

C. 200-400 mg, 6-8 hourly

D. 40-60 mg per day

Answer Key

12. Beclomethasone dipropionate is commonly administered as:

A. intravenously

B. subcutaneously

C. aerosolised steroids

D. oral preparation.

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13. Which of the following drug is NOT available as metered-dose inhaler (MDI?

A. salbutamol

B. terbutaline

C. albuterol

D. Aminophylline

Answer Key

14. Triamcinolone acetonide is a:

A. corticosteroid.

B. alpha-adrenergic receptor agonists.

C. beta-adrenergic receptor agonist.

D. anticholinergic.

Answer Key

15. Which of the following drugs is leukotriene-modifying drug indicated in the management of broncheal asthma?

A. Triamcinolone acetonide

B. Budesonide

C. Zafirlukast

D. Flunisolide

Answer Key

Answer Key
1. D 2. A 3. A 4. C 5. D
6. B 7. B 8. D 9. A 10.C
11. B 12. C 13. D 14. A 15. C
  1. Nettina, Sandra M.; Mills, Elizabeth Jacqueline. Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice, 8th Edition. Copyright ©2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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