- Based on his experiments on animal learning, Edward L. ThoSeptember 18, 2013he laws of learning.
- Thorndike's laws are also called S-R learning.
- Laws (principles) of learning are:
Three primary laws of learning are:
- Law of effect
- Law of exercise
- Law of readiness
Law of effect.
- learning is strengthened when accompanied by a pleasant or satisfying feeling.
- learning is weakened when associated with an unpleasant feeling.
- learning takes places properly when it results in satisfaction and the learner derives pleasure out of it.
- The class room experiences should be satisfactory and pleasant. The teacher must enjoy his teaching work.
- Learning experiences and other activities must be meaningful and understandable in terms of the personal life of the learners.
- School activities should be organized in increasing difficulty order so that the students may progress without any failure..
The law of exercise
- This principle states that the S-R connection is strengthened by use and weakened with disuse.
- It has two parts:
law of use
and law of disuse.
- Things most often repeated are best remembered.
- Students do not learn complex tasks in a single session.
- The instructor must repeat important items of subject matter at reasonable intervals.
Law of readiness
- This principle states that motivation is needed to develop an association or display changed behavior.
- Individuals learn best when they are physically, mentally, and emotionally ready to learn, and they do not learn well if they see no reason for learning.
Law of Primacy
- Things learned first create a strong impression.
- What is taught must be right the first time.
- “Unteaching” wrong first impressions is harder than teaching them right the first time.
- What the student learns must be procedurally correct and applied the very first time.
Law of Recency
- things most recently learned are best remembered.
- frequent review and summarization help fix in the mind the material covered.
- this principle often determines the sequence of lectures within a course of instruction.
Law of Intensity
- the more intense the material taught, the more likely it will be retained.
- a student will learn more from the real thing than from a substitute.
- In the class room, demonstrations, skits, and role playing increase the learning experience of students.
Law (Principle) of Freedom
- things freely learned are best learned.
- the greater the freedom enjoyed by the students in the class, the greater the intellectual and moral advancement enjoyed by them.
- Knowledge of these laws helps the teacher for better understanding of learning behaviours of the students.
- Thorndike, E. (1932). The Fundamentals of Learning. New York: Teachers College Press.