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Roper–Logan–Tierney Model of Nursing

Last updated on December 10, 2011


  • Theorists: Nancy Roper, Winifred W. Logan and Alison J. Tierney
  • One of the widely used nursing model in the United Kingdom.
  • Also referred as a Human Needs Model
  • A model of nursing care based on activities of daily living (ADLs).

Theory Sources

  • Virginia Henderson


Activities of Living (ALs)

There are 12 activities, some of which are essential such as breathing and others that which enhance the quality of life.

  1. Maintaining a safe environment
  2. Communication
  3. Breathing
  4. Eating and drinking
  5. Elimination
  6. Washing and dressing
  7. Controlling temperature
  8. Mobilisation
  9. Working and playing
  10. Expressing sexuality
  11. Sleeping
  12. Death and dying

Factors influencing activities of living

  • Biological
  • Psychological
  • Sociocultural
  • Environmental
  • Politicoeconomic

Application of RLT Model

  1. Kara M.Using the Roper, Logan and Tierney model in care of people with COPD. J Clin Nurs. 2007 Jul;16(7B):223-33.
  2. Murphy K, Cooney A, Casey D, Connor M, O'Connor J, Dineen B. The Roper, Logan and Tierney (1996) model: perceptions and operationalization of the model in psychiatric nursing within a health board in Ireland. J Adv Nurs. 2000 Jun;31(6):1333-41.
  3. O'Connor M, Timmins F. Using the Roper, Logan and Tierney model in a neonatal ICU. Prof Nurse. 2002 May; 17(9):527-30.


  1. Roper N, Logan WW, Tierney AJ. The Elements of Nursing. Churchill Livingstone, 1980.
  2. Roper N, Logan W and Tierney A. The elements of nursing 4th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 1996.
  3. Wimpenny P. The meaning of models of nursing to practising nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing 40(3), 346–354, 2002.




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