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McGill Model of Nursing
F. Moyra Allen
This page was last updated on February 15, 2011


  • Developed by F. Moyra Allen (1921 – 1996)
  • Salient features of the McGill model of nursing are health, family, collaboration, and learning.
  • The main focus of the McGill model is health promotion.
  • Major focus of nursing care is in the family.
  • Visit McGill University page on McGill Model of Nursing - http://www.mcgill.ca/nursing/about/model/

About the Theorist

  • Educated at Montreal General Hospital School of Nursing.
  • Bachelor of Nursing from McGill University
  • Master's degree from the University of Chicago
  • Ph.D. in education from the Stanford University School of Education
  • Professor & director at the McGill University School of Nursing.
  • Founded the Nursing Papers (1969) now called the Canadian Journal of Nursing Research.


  • All families possess capabilities or the health potential (strengths, motivation, resources) that serve as the basis for health promotion behaviour. 
  • The degree to which a family engages in health-related problem-solving and goal attainment, reflects the process of family health promotion.
  • The outcomes of health promotion are competence in health behaviour and improved health status.

Major Concepts (Gottlieb & Rowat, 1987)

  • The central goal of nursing is to maintain, strengthen, and develop the patient's health by actively engaging him or her in a learning process.
  • Health is a learned phenomenon and the family is considered the primary socializer in this learning, the family is the focus of nursing.
  • The nurse strives to structure a learning environment that enables the patient to participate as fully as possible.
  • The nurse and patient together set goals and, building on the patient's strengths and resources, devise means of achieving them.


  1. Gottlieb L, Rowat K.The McGill model of nursing: a practice-derived model. ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 1987 Jul;9(4):51-61.



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