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History of Mental Health Care
This page was last updated on September 19, 2013
1.

Sigmund Freud 1856- 1939

  • Father of Psychoanalysis
  • Structural theory of mind
  • Topographic theory of mind
  • Interpretation of Dreams”
2.

Alfred Adler

  • Importance of feelings of inferiority - the inferiority complex
  • Individual psychology
3.

Anna Freud (1895 –1982)

  • Psychoanalysis
  • Object Relational Theory
  • Child Psychiatry
4.

Erik Erikson (1902 -1994)

  • He coined the phrase identity crisis.
  • Erikson's theory of personality -Theory of psychosocial development
5.

Jean Piaget (1896 –1980) 

  • Cognitive development theory
  • Developmental psychologist
6.

Abraham Harold Maslow (1908 –1970)

  • American psychologist
  •  Maslow's hierarchy of needs
7.

Carl Rogers (1902 –1987)

  • Psychotherapy and counseling
  • Client-centered therapy
8.

B. F. Skinner (1904 –1990)

  • Concept of reinforcement and operant conditioning
9.

Eugen Bleuler (1857 -1939)

  • Coined the term "schizophrenia."
  • 4 ‘A’s & secondary symptoms
10.

Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926)

  • Dementia precox & Manic depressive psychosis (MDP)
  • Psychiatric methodology
11.

Harry Stack Sullivan (1892- 1949)

  • The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry
12.

Kurt Schneider (1887 –1967

  • First Rank Symptoms of Schizophrenia
13.

John Bowlby (1907 - 1990)

  • Attachment theory & Grief theory
14.

John F Cade  (1912 –1980)

  • Discovered (in 1948) the effects of lithium carbonate as a mood stabilizer
15.

Joseph Wolpe  (1915- 1997)

  • Behaviour therapy: Systematic desensitization
16.

Aaron T. Beck

  • Cognitive  therapy
17.

Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857 -1940)

  • Malarial therapy in General Paresis of Insane
18.

Ugo Cerletti   (1877 - 1963)

  • Discovered the method of electroconvulsive therapy ECT
19.

Arvid Carlsson (1923-)

  • Swedish scientist, in 1957 he demonstrated that dopamine was a neurotransmitter in the brain which is implicated in psychosis
20.

Egas Moniz (1874 –1955)

  • Founder of psychosurgery  & cerebral angiography.
  • Nobel Prize in 1949
21.

Maxwell Jones

  • Therapeutic Community
22.

Karl Jaspers

  • Phenomenology
23.

Karl Leonhard

  • Cycloid psychosis (later MDP)
24.

Jacob Moreno -

  • Psychodrama
25.

Kubler Ross (1926-2004)

  • Stages of grief
26.

Leo Kanner (1894 –1981)

  • Childhood Autism
28.

Ivan Pavlov (1849 –1936 )

  • Classical Conditioning
29.

Clifford Beers (1876 – 1943)

  • The founder of the American mental hygiene movement.
  •  A Mind That Found Itself (1908), an autobiographical is an account of his  hospitalization
30.

Philippe Pinel (1745 –1826)

  • French physician known for humane psychological approach care of psychiatric patients & “moral therapy”
31.

William Tuke (1732 – 1822)

  • English businessman, philanthropist
  • He started the York Retreat in 1796 for humane care of people with mental disorders
32.

John Conolly (1830),

 

  • removed restraints at the Hanwell Asylum
33

William Cullen

  • Coined the term “neurosis”
34.

Hildegard Peplau (1909 -1999)

  • Interpersonal Theory of Nursing
35.

Linda Richards  (1841 –1930)

  • First psychiatric nurse, who set up nurse-training schools in several hospitals for mentally ill patients.
36.

Alois Alzheimer (1864–1915),

  • Alzheimer's disease
37.

Franz Mesmer (1734–1815)

  • Mesmerism
38.

William Battie, (1758).

  • The first text  book on psychiatric conditions  - Treatise on Madness 
39.

Kahlbaum (1874)

  • described catatonia
40.

Hecker

  • described hebephrenia
41.

Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772–1840)

  • Coined the term hallucination
42.

Georges Gilles de la Tourette

  • Tourette’s disorder (tics and compulsive coprolalia).
43.

Kurt Schnider

  • First Rank symptoms of schizophrenia
44.

Benjamin Rush, (1745- 1813)

  • Father of American Psychiatry
  • Emblem of American Association of Psychiatry bears his portrait.
45.

David T Wong (1940-

  • Discovered fluoxetine
46.

Herbert Y Meltzer (1932-

  • Clozapine
47.

Carl Wernike (1848-1950)

  • Aphasia, language
48.

Korbian Broadman (1868-1918)

  • Cytoarchitecture  -  definition of the cerebral cortex into 52 distinct regions
49.

Sergi Korsakove (1853-1900)

  • Korsakove’s psychosis
50.

Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893)

  • Explained hysteria as a condition
51.

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-

  • Introversion & extroversion
52.

Hans Berger (1873 –1941)

  •  Electroencephalography (EEG)
52
Jacob Casanin
  • Schizoaffective disorders

 

References

  1. Psychiatry, Third Edition. Edited by Allan Tasman, Jerald Kay, Jeffrey A. Lieberman, Michael B. First and Mario Maj. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2008.
  2. Sims, A. Symptoms in the Mind: An Introduction to Descriptive Psychopathology (3rd ed). Elsevier, 2002.
  3. Fish, F. Clinical Psychopathology, Signs and Symptoms in Psychiatry. Bristol: J. Wright & Sons. 1967.
 
 
     
     

 
 
 
 
 
           
 

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